While it is obvious that 5G will bring certain improvements to autonomous cars, Qualcomm has released a blog post which explains a bit more about what it is all about, and it is all about the Release 16 5G NR-based C-V2X technology, providing direct communication capabilities.
While some believe that autonomous cars will become reality only when 5G data networks are fully operational, there is a whole lot more about it than just high-speed connectivity that will provide autonomous driving.
The 5G will certainly redefine automotive industry with new user experience, better infotainment, telematics and teleoperation, the evolution to 5G New Radio (5G NG) will also define a “direct communication” mode, allowing cars to communicate with each other directly for autonomous driving use cases.
This comes with the Release 16 5G NR-based C-V2X technology, which brings several new direct communications capabilities like high throughput and ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC).
While the previous Release-14 C-V2X brought low-latency direct communications for safety, including Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V), Vehicle-to-Pedestrian (V2P), and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) communication without relying on network or cellular coverage, the Release 16 5G NR-based C-V2X technology will bring several improvements while still focusing on operation without dependency or reliance on network coverage.
Some of the improvements include is the further improvement of the 360-degree non-line-of-sight (NLOS) ability, where vehicles share their perception of the road and surroundings, an improvement on planned movements and more.
Of course, 5G will bring big security issues, not just in autonomous vehicles but in other applications, like new network architectures, but most analysts agree that companies will focus on bringing better 5G security, especially with the increased number of devices and further use of virtualization and the cloud technologies.
You can check out the full blog post, titled “How will 5G unlock the potential of autonomous driving?”, written by Durga Prasad Malladi, Senior Vice President at Qualcomm Technologies.